Vitamin D belongs to the group of fat-soluble vitamin which is naturally present in a few foods such as fatty fish and fortified dairy products. It is also produced in the body when the skin is exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D functions like a hormone and every cell in the body has a receptor for it. When our skin is exposed to sunlight, Vitamin D is produced from cholesterol. The RDI i.e. Recommended Daily Intake of Vitamin D is around 400–800 IU, but according to the experts, the body needs more than that. Vitamin D deficiency symptoms are very common. It has been estimated that approx 1 billion people worldwide are suffering from low levels of Vitamin D in their blood.
Some Common Factors Responsible for Vitamin D Deficiency
- Having dark skin complexion
- Being elder.
- Being overweight or obese.
- Not eating fish or dairy products.
- Living where there is less sunlight around the year.
- Using sunscreen while going out.
- Staying indoors.
The people who are living near the equator are frequently exposed to the sun and are less deficient in Vitamin D.
Signs and symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency.
Getting Sick Very Often
The main role of Vitamin D is to keep your immune system strong enough to fight viruses and bacteria that might cause illness. It directly deals with the cells that are fighting from infection. Low Vitamin D makes you suffer from cold, flu and you get sick frequently. If you are suffering from respiratory tract infections then taking the supplements of Vitamin D may reduce the infection. Also, chronic lung disorder COPD can also be treated by taking a higher dose supplement of Vitamin D for about 1 year or more.
- Fatigue and Tiredness
If you are feeling tired very often then Vitamin D might be the reason for it. In a case, a woman complained of headaches & chronic daytime fatigue. Later it was found that she had only 5.9 ng/ml of Vitamin D in her blood. When she increased her Vitamin D Supplement and her level increased to 39 ng/ml then her symptoms resolved.
- Pain in Bone and Back
Vitamin D maintains the bones in our body by improving the body absorption of Calcium. People complain of bone pain and lower back pain when they have inadequate vitamin D in the blood.
Depression is also a sign of vitamin D deficiency. In further studies, it has been found that taking Vitamin D supplements have improved depression.
- Impaired Wound Healing
When a person gets surgery or gets injured, but he shows slow healing effects then it may be possible that your body has a low level of Vitamin D. Vitamin D increases the production of compounds which are responsible to form new skin which is a part of the healing process. Controlling inflammation and fighting infection is due to Vitamin D which is also important for proper healing.
- Bone Loss
Vitamin D plays a vital role in the absorption of calcium in the body for the metabolism of bone. Old peoples diagnosed with bone loss need to take more calcium and they may be deficient in vitamin D as well. Taking adequate vitamin D intake will be a good strategy for protecting bone and reducing the risk of fracture.
- Hair Loss
Often stress is attributed to hair loss which a common cause. But when you face severe hair loss then it may be due to a deficiency of nutrition or disease. Women facing extreme hair loss may need to check the level of Vitamin D in their bodies. Alopecia areata is a disease characterized by severe hair loss. Rickets is also a disease in which soft bones of children are found due to deficiency of Vitamin D.
- Muscle Pain
Deficiency of Vitamin D might be a potential cause for muscular pain in children and adults. In a study, about 70% of the people were found deficient and were suffering from chronic pain. Researchers say that deficiency led to pain. Taking high-dose of Vitamin D Supplements can help in reducing various types of pain.
We will discuss the treatment of Vitamin D deficiency in our blog. You can expose your body to the sun to avoid Jaundice and other diseases. Eat more Vitamin D rich foods that can bring benefits to your health.