On an average, pregnant women can increase 12 kg (range of 8-16 kg) depending on their BMI.In lay man language relationship between body weight and height known as Body Mass Index. This is not simply the weight of the baby but also contains for placenta, amniotic fluid, enlarged fat stores, blood etc.
It is the measure of body fat based on the height and weight of adult men and women to determine whether they are underweight, normal, overweight, obese or morbidly obese. Based on the BMI, pregnant women will be suggested to watch over their weight gain and have a healthy balanced diet. BMI is simple to calculate: Divide the person’s weight in kilograms by height in metres squared or you can find any online BMI calculator to measure the value
Have a look on average weight of following:
- Baby weight:2 kg -4 kg
- Placenta:0.5 kg
- Amniotic fluid: 1kg
Larger uterus: 1kg
Increased blood volume: 1.4 to 1.8kg
Extra fluid: 1.4 to 1.8kg
Bigger breasts: 1kg
Fat stores: 2.7 to 3.6kg
The perfect number of kilos you should gain during pregnancy is approximated by your pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), which counts your weight in respect to your height.
As per the National Health and Medical Research Council, if your BMI is:
- underweight :Lower than 18.5, you must gain in between 12½kg and 18kg. . For the optimal growth of your baby, aim to put on 1 to 5 pounds in the first trimester and about 1 pound per week for the rest of your pregnancy.
- Normal weight:Ranging between 18.5 to 24.9, you must gain in between 11½kg and 16kg as per your height.
- Overweight :It ranges from 25 to 29.9), you must gain in between 7kg and 11½kg as per your height.
- Obese (a BMI of 30 or higher):If you were obese for your height, you must gain between 11 and 20 pounds.
If you are carrying twins or triplets, you will need to gain additional weight during your pregnancy you should gain
- 37 to 54 pounds if you are at a healthy weight
- 31 to 50 pounds if you are overweight
- 25 to 42 pounds if you are obese
This is the pregnancy weight gain chart based on your BMI.As per your BMI you have to gain weight according to pregnancy weight gain range.
|Pre Pregnancy BMI (< 10 weeks)||Pregnancy Weight Gain Range|
|Underweight <18.5||12.5 – 18 kg|
|Normal weight 18.5 – 24.9||11.5 – 16 kg|
|Over weight 25.0 – 29.9||7 kg – 11.5 kg|
|Obese > 30.0||5 kg – 9 kg|
Adding extra weight gain during my pregnancy can be harmful?
Adding extra kilos in your body while you are pregnant can be alarming sign of disease like High blood pressure,Thyroid etc. The babies of mother who gain more than the considered kilos of weight during pregnancy may cause labor complications, studies show that gaining too much weight during pregnancy having higher chances of cesarean delivery or a premature birth..
However, gaining too much weight during pregnancy can cause problem in conceiving.When You are having more weight can not produce good quality egg.
Other complications can occur, including gestational problem and diabetes also.Obese women while pregnancy are also at higher risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, preterm birth, or having a baby with birth defects.
Gaining weight Trimester wise:
Am I Overweight
About a third of women gain within the amount recommended by the IOM, and about half gain more. Most underweight women gain within the guidelines, but some women at a healthy weight exceed the advised amounts. Most overweight or obese women gain too much.
The IOM guidelines urge prenatal caregivers to counsel women about diet and exercise more effectively so that expectant mothers have a better chance of staying within the recommended weight limits.
First Trimester Weight Gains
While having first three months of pregnancy, you should gain only 1-2kg,irrespective of their pre-pregnancy BMIs.If you experience vomiting ,morning sickness oranything down, you might not gain much weight – you might even lose some. No matter to be worry, about anythink .Thinks keep your eye open and keep checking your weight.If suffering from constant nausea. But this practice could lead to above-average weight gain
Second and Third Trimester Gains
From the beginning of your second trimester until you give birth, follow these guidelines. If your pre-pregnancy BMI was:
- Less than 18.5, you should gain ½kg/week
- 5 to 24.9, you should gain 400g/week
- 25 or more, you should gain less than 300g/week
Now can eat more! In order to keep your weight gain , Now you need to increase your daily calories intake by approximately 200-260 calories. Alwaysx
keep in mind that you can grab 250 of calories by having one cup of skim milk and a large banana etc
Entering in second trimester, you will be free from the nausea and morning sickness problem.
How to handle my pregnancy weight?
I is very hard for you to assume your overweight when you are fitness freak .It is not okay situation almost you can say win-loss situation .Whereas you can convert this situation to win -win situation for you and your baby.A healthy calculated diet always going to help you .Still struggling ? Your poor weight history is responsible for it .No worries,a good diet ,Prenatal yoga and other pre and post work outs going to help you. Gaining weight is not a big concern in a restricted range that is 8-16 kgs is okay.Do not be so panic ,now you are carrying a baby ,this feeling going to vanish all your weight loss tension.
Am I underweight Pregnant woman?
If you were underweight to conceive, you might need to add a few more kilos than the average mumma-to-be. Women with less weight compared to recommended weight during pregnancy are at higher risk of premature birth, having babies with low birth weight and other complications.
Vice versa,if you are heavier before your pregnancy, you’ll probably need to keep your weight gain in check .You need to reduce it for sure. Adding extra kilos during pregnancy can lead to complications such as high blood pressure, gestational diabetes, birth defects or having a big baby.
Don’t worry if you’re pregnant or trying to conceive and you aren’t at your optimal weight – it’s not too late to start following a healthy eating and exercise plan like the 12WBT to get back on track.
While carrying twins or triplets, you need to gain more weight during your pregnancy. Consulting your doctor is a good option