A Simple Overview
Pregnancy happens when sperm fertilizes an egg after it’s released from the ovary during ovulation. Ovulation occurs At 12-14 days of a complete menstrual cycle. During copulation (coitus) semen is released by the penis into the vagina (insemination). The motile sperm swim fastly, pass through the cervix, enter into the uterus, and finally reach the ampullary region of the fallopian tube where fertilization takes place.
Fertilization can only occur if the ovum and sperms are transported simultaneously to the ampullary region of the fallopian tube. This is a reason, why not all copulation leads to fertilization and pregnancy. On average, a full-term pregnancy lasts 40 weeks.
There are so many factors that can affect a pregnancy, so a woman should get full care and support during its initial days of pregnancy. Women who go through an early pregnancy diagnosis and parental care are more likely to experience a healthy pregnancy and give birth to a healthy infant baby. It is important to monitor the health of you and your baby. Here, in our blog, we are discussing the symptoms of pregnancy that are mentioned below.
Symptoms of Pregnancy
Pregnancy symptoms vary from women to women. But you may notice some signs and symptoms which are very common to occur if you are pregnant. As your hormonal level changes the sign and symptoms are more visible.
A missed period is one of the earliest symptoms of pregnancy, it is also the most classic symptom compared to other pregnancy symptoms. However, a missed period doesn’t necessarily mean you’re pregnant, especially when your menstrual cycle tends to be irregular because there are many other reasons, and health conditions other than pregnancy that caused a missed or late period.
Some ladies may undergo light bleeding and spotting in early pregnancy. This bleeding is most often the outcome of implantation. Implantation normally occurs one to two weeks after fertilization.
Early pregnancy bleeding can also be due to relatively minor conditions such as irritation or infection. Bleeding which causes due to infection can affect the surface of the cervix which is very delicate and sensitive during pregnancy. Bleeding signals are serious pregnancy complications, such as miscarriage, placenta previvor ectopic pregnancy. Under such conditions, you should always contact your doctor.
Headaches are also very common in early pregnancy. It is usually caused by altered hormone levels in your body and increased blood flow. If your headaches don’t go away or are harrowing then, you must consult your doctor.
You can easily notice the weight gain in your first few months of pregnancy. You can expect a gain between 1 and 4 pounds during pregnancy time. Also weight gain becomes more observable towards the starting of your second trimester.
Pregnancy Induces Hypertension
During pregnancy you may experience High blood pressure and hypertension, Chances of hypertension get increases when you are being over weighted or obese, you have habit of drinking and smoking, and also having an early history or a family history of pregnancy-induced hypertension.
Heartburn during pregnancy is quite common, it is mainly due to the hormones released during pregnancy, and these hormones sometimes relax the valve between your stomach and esophagus. When stomach acid leaks out, this can upshoot in heartburn. Which is very uncomfortable and difficult to handle?
Stretching and expanding of muscles in your uterus creates a pulling sensation that sometimes resembles like menstrual cramps. It may also cause severe complication of miscarriage or an ectopic pregnancy if spotting and bleeding occurs alongside your cramps. During pregnancy time you need to be very careful about such cramps and report your doctor if your cramps occur at frequent interval of time.
At a time of early pregnancy due to hormonal changes, your digestive system can slow down. As a consequence of this, you may become constipated.
Among all other symptoms of early pregnancy, insomnia is also one such symptom which is quite common during pregnancy. You may experience stress, physical discomfort, and hormonal changes. To overcome all this, you need to have a balanced diet, good sleep habits, and yoga stretches, this can help you get a good night’s sleep.
During starting the first four months of pregnancy a feeling of nausea and vomit is very common. Basically, vomiting is a component of “morning sickness”. And this morning sickness makes you feel uncomfortable and this is mainly due to the changing of the hormonal level.
The biggest cause of back pain is hormones and stress on the muscles in early pregnancy. In the later phase of your pregnancy, your increased weight and shifted center of gravity may add to your back pain. Majority of pregnant women problem of back pain during their pregnancy.
Many biological and emotional changes that you experience during your pregnancy can be a contributing cause behind the depression you feel. Around 17 to 23% of all pregnant women have depression throughout their pregnancy time. And the easiest way to handle your depressed mood is to do regular yoga and a brisk nature walk. This can certainly help to uplift your mood and make you feel light and relax.
Anemia can cause symptoms like lightheadedness and dizziness. And it is common among pregnant women because they are prone to become anemic. All this condition can lead to premature birth and low birth weight. Prenatal care is very important during pregnancy which involves screening of anemia. By having a nutritional diet and by doing regular yoga you can circumvent the chances of becoming anemic.
Many women encounter acne problems in early pregnancy. This is mainly due to an increased levels of androgen hormones because these hormones can make your skin oilier, which can clog pores. Usually, the pregnancy acne problem is temporary and clears up after the baby is born.
One of the noticeable signs of pregnancy is breast changes. Your breast may begin to experience tender, swollen, and generally full or heavy. Your nipples may also become larger and more sensitive, and the areolae may also become a little darker.
Home pregnancy tests are very precise after the first day of your missed period. If you get a positive result on a home pregnancy test, then you should fix an appointment with your doctor very soon. To confirm your pregnancy ultrasound is used, to guide on how to proceed further if any complication involved. A pregnancy hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). it is measured to diagnose pregnancy because this hormone is only produced when you get pregnant.
However, it may not be detected before your date periods have been missed off. After you miss a period, hCG levels increase very rapidly. To detect hCG, blood or a urine test is done to measure its level in the body of the pregnant mother. For a urine test, you can either go to the doctor’s clinic or you can also do this at home with the help of a Pregnancy Test Kit.
Blood test can be performed in the laboratory. The difference in the blood test is that it may be ordered as soon as six days after ovulation. The hCG blood test is quite accurate and precise.
Home Pregnancy Test’s Accuracy Depends Upon:
- How correctly you follow the guidelines.
- The time when you ovulate and how soon the implantation of the egg takes place.
- How earlier after pregnancy you take the test.
- The sensitivity and preciseness of pregnancy test.
What do the Pregnancy Test Results Mean?
The result may show up in various indicators it may be a line, a color, or a symbol such as a “+” or “-“ sign. However, the digital tests shows the words ‘pregnant’ or ‘not pregnant’.
If you get a positive result, you are pregnant. This is true no matter how light or faint the line, sign or color, appears on the pregnancy kit. Sometimes in a very rare case, you can have a false-positive result.
This simply means you are not pregnant but the test you do show that you are. A false-positive result occurs when you have blood or protein in your pee. Also, various drugs like anticonvulsants, hypnotics, and fertility drugs, tranquilizers, could be the cause of the false-positive results.
If you get a negative result, you are probably not pregnant. But this is not 100% proven, you may be pregnant if:
- You took the test in an incorrect way.
- The test is past its expiration time.
- You tested too early.
- You’re on various types of medications, such as antihistamines or diuretics.
- Your pee is too diluted because you take an ample amount of fluids right be for the test.
The earlier you confirm you’re pregnant, the better it is, An early diagnosis will help you to take much better care of your baby’s health.