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Mouth Ulcers : Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention And Treatment

Mouth ulcers are also known as canker sores. These are normally small and painful lesions that develop inside the mouth usually in the base of gums. This makes eating, drinking, and talking uncomfortable to the ones who are having these kinds of sores. People with a family history of mouth ulcers are at high risk for developing mouth ulcers. These aren’t contagious and go away within one to two weeks. However, if you got a canker sore that is extremely painful or it lasts for a long time without healing then you must seek the doctor as soon as possible.

What Causes Mouth Ulcers?

There is no definite cause behind mouth ulcers but have a look at the below points to understand how it may occur:-

  • Major or minor mouth injury either from hard brushing or accidental bite, etc,
  • Due to sodium lauryl sulfate contained in toothpaste,
  • Mouth bacteria,
  • Lack of sleep,
  • Stress,
  • Lack of vitamins,
  • Food sensitivity,

What are the Symptoms Associated With Mouth Ulcers?

There are some minor kinds of canker sores that are small, oval, or round ulcers that generally get healed within one to two weeks without scarring. In the case of major canker sores, these are larger and deeper ones. These are irregular in edges and takes about six weeks to get healed. Generally, mouth sores cause redness and pain especially while drinking and eating. It might cause a burning and tingling sensation around the sores. Depending upon the size, severity, and place where it is located it makes it difficult to eat, swallow, drink, or breathe even. These sore may also develop blisters.

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When Do you Need to See a Doctor?

You must contact your healthcare provider in case you experience the severe symptoms that have been mentioned below:-

  • painless sores
  • uncontrollable pain
  • unusual mouth ulcers,
  • sores that don’t go away even after 2- 3 weeks or more,
  • mouth ulcers that get extended to the lips
  • severe problems during eating and drinking
  • high fever or diarrhea whenever the canker sores occur
  • new mouth ulcers before the healing of old mouth ulcers,

Diagnosis of Mouth Ulcers

Mouth ulcers can easily be diagnosed through a visual exam by the doctors. In case of severe and frequent mouth ulcers, you will have to be tested for medical conditions.

How to Prevent Mouth Sores?

  • Avoid hot foods and drinks
  • Chew slowly
  • Reduce your stress,
  • Take vitamin supplements,
  • Drink plenty of water,
  • Avoid alcohol consumption,
  • Reduce and eliminate food irritants,
  • Eat a balanced diet,
  • Use soft toothbrush
  • Avoid smoking

How Mouth Sores Are Treated?

Usually, Minor Mouth sores often go away within 10 to 15 days naturally but it lasts to about six weeks. Some home remedies can help you in reducing pain and may also speed up your healing process. For this, you need to avoid alcohol, having hot, spicy, high sugar-based foods, and tobacco, etc. Gargle with salty water. Eat ice pops, and cold foods and you can take medicine such as acetaminophen. Don’t squeeze or pick sores and blisters. Apply a thin paste of baking soda and water to it. You can also see your healthcare provider to heal your mouth sores.

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